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HOPG

TipsNano supply with Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite (HOPG). It’s a type of pure, highly laminar graphite used as an atomic-scale calibration standard for atomic force microscopy and scanning tunnelling microscopy.

HOPG crystals are widely used as substrates in STM (Scanning Tunneling Microscopy). The most distinguishing features of HOPG which enable this application are a very smooth surface and electro conductivity.

HOPG has a layered structure which makes sample preparation very simple. By pressing a double-stick tape to a HOPG piece and peeling it off, one gets a fresh conductive surface which is very smooth. This surface can be examined in STM or serve as a substrate for other materials under investigation.

HOPG itself is an interesting object for STM investigations. One can measure the surface roughness, microscopic surface features, arrangement of the carbon atoms on the HOPG surface, etc. Besides, HOPG images at the atomic level can be used for calibrating STM for high-resolution imaging.

For use in STM the main HOPG parameters are the size of crystallites and the number of interlayer defects, which, in turn, defines the number of layers splitting of the sample. The mosaic distribution of crystallites doesn’t matter, so there is no sense to make measurement of FWHM that entails additional costs for selection and certification of the samples.

For monochromator application the mosaic spread is of primary importance, so each crystal must be certified by FWHM measured on a diffractometer.

Difference in the HOPG types:

For STM – HOPG samples are obtained at the certain annealing regime which provides the exact meaning of mosaic spread.

Graphite monochromators – it is the STM HOPG samples with individually measured FWHM on a diffractometer and divided in two groups depending on the mosaicity. 

3 HOPG types (ZYA, ZYB, ZYH) which differ by meaning of mosaic spread are available.
Double-sided HOPG can be used from both sides and its properties are not changed in depth.
For one-sided piece the not working side is mat, glare less and can’t be cleaved. The number of working side cleavages of one-sided piece is limited in comparison with double sided substrate. The properties for one-sided piece are changed in depth.

ZYA_DS, 10x10x2mm ZYA_DS, 10x10x2mm

HOPG ZYA Quality, Mosaic Spread: 0.5 ± 0.1 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 2mm.

  €438
Аdd to cart
ZYA_DS, 10x10x2mm ZYA_DS, 10x10x2mm

HOPG ZYA Quality, Mosaic Spread: 0.5 ± 0.1 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 2mm.

  €438
Аdd to cart
ZYA_DS, 10x10x1.5mm ZYA_DS, 10x10x1.5mm

HOPG ZYA Quality, Mosaic Spread: 0.5 ± 0.1 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.5mm.

  €343
Аdd to cart
ZYA_DS, 10x10x1.5mm ZYA_DS, 10x10x1.5mm

HOPG ZYA Quality, Mosaic Spread: 0.5 ± 0.1 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.5mm.

  €343
Аdd to cart
ZYA_MQ1, 10x10x2.0mm ZYA_MQ1, 10x10x2.0mm

HOPG ZYA Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 0.45 ± 0.05 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 2mm.

  €490
Аdd to cart
ZYA_MQ1, 10x10x2.0mm ZYA_MQ1, 10x10x2.0mm

HOPG ZYA Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 0.45 ± 0.05 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 2mm.

  €490
Аdd to cart
ZYA_MQ1, 10x10x1.5mm ZYA_MQ1, 10x10x1.5mm

HOPG ZYA Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 0.45 ± 0.05 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.5mm.

  €395
Аdd to cart
ZYA_MQ1, 10x10x1.5mm ZYA_MQ1, 10x10x1.5mm

HOPG ZYA Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 0.45 ± 0.05 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.5mm.

  €395
Аdd to cart
ZYA_MQ1, 10x10x1.0mm ZYA_MQ1, 10x10x1.0mm

HOPG ZYA Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 0.45 ± 0.05 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.0mm.

  €322
Аdd to cart
ZYA_MQ1, 10x10x1.0mm ZYA_MQ1, 10x10x1.0mm

HOPG ZYA Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 0.45 ± 0.05 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.0mm.

  €322
Аdd to cart
ZYA_MQ2, 10x10x1.5mm ZYA_MQ2, 10x10x1.5mm

HOPG ZYA Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 0.55 ± 0.05 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.5mm.

  €373
Аdd to cart
ZYA_MQ2, 10x10x1.5mm ZYA_MQ2, 10x10x1.5mm

HOPG ZYA Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 0.55 ± 0.05 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.5mm.

  €373
Аdd to cart
ZYA_MQ2, 10x10x2.0mm ZYA_MQ2, 10x10x2.0mm

HOPG ZYA Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 0.55 ± 0.05 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 2mm.

  €465
Аdd to cart
ZYA_MQ2, 10x10x2.0mm ZYA_MQ2, 10x10x2.0mm

HOPG ZYA Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 0.55 ± 0.05 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 2mm.

  €465
Аdd to cart
ZYA_MQ2, 10x10x1.0mm ZYA_MQ2, 10x10x1.0mm

HOPG ZYA Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 0.55 ± 0.05 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.0mm.

  €305
Аdd to cart
ZYA_MQ2, 10x10x1.0mm ZYA_MQ2, 10x10x1.0mm

HOPG ZYA Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 0.55 ± 0.05 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.0mm.

  €305
Аdd to cart
ZYA_DS, 8x10x1mm ZYA_DS, 8x10x1mm

HOPG ZYA Quality, Mosaic Spread: 0.5 ± 0.1 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 8x10mm, thickness 1mm.

  €268
Аdd to cart
ZYA_DS, 8x10x1mm ZYA_DS, 8x10x1mm

HOPG ZYA Quality, Mosaic Spread: 0.5 ± 0.1 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 8x10mm, thickness 1mm.

  €268
Аdd to cart
ZYA_DS, 10x10x1mm ZYA_DS, 10x10x1mm

HOPG ZYA Quality, Mosaic Spread: 0.5 ± 0.1 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1mm.

  €268
Аdd to cart
ZYA_DS, 10x10x1mm ZYA_DS, 10x10x1mm

HOPG ZYA Quality, Mosaic Spread: 0.5 ± 0.1 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1mm.

  €268
Аdd to cart
ZYB_DS, 10x10x2mm ZYB_DS, 10x10x2mm

HOPG ZYB Quality, Mosaic Spread: 1.0 ± 0.4 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 2mm.

  €158
Аdd to cart
ZYB_DS, 10x10x2mm ZYB_DS, 10x10x2mm

HOPG ZYB Quality, Mosaic Spread: 1.0 ± 0.4 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 2mm.

  €158
Аdd to cart
ZYH_MQ1, 10x10x1mm ZYH_MQ1, 10x10x1mm

HOPG ZYH Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 2.5 ± 0.5 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1mm.

  €112
Аdd to cart
ZYH_MQ1, 10x10x1mm ZYH_MQ1, 10x10x1mm

HOPG ZYH Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 2.5 ± 0.5 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1mm.

  €112
Аdd to cart
ZYH_MQ1, 10x10x1.5mm ZYH_MQ1, 10x10x1.5mm

HOPG ZYH Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 2.5 ± 0.5 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.5mm.

  €134
Аdd to cart
ZYH_MQ1, 10x10x1.5mm ZYH_MQ1, 10x10x1.5mm

HOPG ZYH Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 2.5 ± 0.5 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.5mm.

  €134
Аdd to cart
ZYH_MQ2, 10x10x1.5mm ZYH_MQ2, 10x10x1.5mm

HOPG ZYH Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 3.5 ± 1.0 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.5mm.

  €122
Аdd to cart
ZYH_MQ2, 10x10x1.5mm ZYH_MQ2, 10x10x1.5mm

HOPG ZYH Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 3.5 ± 1.0 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.5mm.

  €122
Аdd to cart
ZYB_MQ2, 10x10x1mm ZYB_MQ2, 10x10x1mm

HOPG ZYB Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 1.0 ± 0.2 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1mm.

  €132
Аdd to cart
ZYB_MQ2, 10x10x1mm ZYB_MQ2, 10x10x1mm

HOPG ZYB Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 1.0 ± 0.2 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1mm.

  €132
Аdd to cart
ZYH_MQ2, 10x10x1mm ZYH_MQ2, 10x10x1mm

HOPG ZYH Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 3.5 ± 1.0 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1mm.

  €100
Аdd to cart
ZYH_MQ2, 10x10x1mm ZYH_MQ2, 10x10x1mm

HOPG ZYH Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 3.5 ± 1.0 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1mm.

  €100
Аdd to cart
ZYB_MQ1, 10x10x1.5mm ZYB_MQ1, 10x10x1.5mm

HOPG ZYB Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 0.8 ± 0.2 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.5mm.

  €180
Аdd to cart
ZYB_MQ1, 10x10x1.5mm ZYB_MQ1, 10x10x1.5mm

HOPG ZYB Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 0.8 ± 0.2 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.5mm.

  €180
Аdd to cart
ZYB_MQ2, 10x10x1.5mm ZYB_MQ2, 10x10x1.5mm

HOPG ZYB Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 1.0 ± 0.2 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.5mm.

  €171
Аdd to cart
ZYB_MQ2, 10x10x1.5mm ZYB_MQ2, 10x10x1.5mm

HOPG ZYB Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 1.0 ± 0.2 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.5mm.

  €171
Аdd to cart
ZYH_MQ1, 10x10x2mm ZYH_MQ1, 10x10x2mm

HOPG ZYH Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 2.5 ± 0.5 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 2mm.

  €148
Аdd to cart
ZYH_MQ1, 10x10x2mm ZYH_MQ1, 10x10x2mm

HOPG ZYH Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 2.5 ± 0.5 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 2mm.

  €148
Аdd to cart
ZYB_MQ1, 10x10x2mm ZYB_MQ1, 10x10x2mm

HOPG ZYB Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 0.8 ± 0.2 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 2mm.

  €210
Аdd to cart
ZYB_MQ1, 10x10x2mm ZYB_MQ1, 10x10x2mm

HOPG ZYB Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 0.8 ± 0.2 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 2mm.

  €210
Аdd to cart
ZYB_MQ2, 10x10x2mm ZYB_MQ2, 10x10x2mm

HOPG ZYB Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 1.0 ± 0.2 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 2mm.

  €198
Аdd to cart
ZYB_MQ2, 10x10x2mm ZYB_MQ2, 10x10x2mm

HOPG ZYB Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 1.0 ± 0.2 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 2mm.

  €198
Аdd to cart
ZYB_MQ1, 10x10x1mm ZYB_MQ1, 10x10x1mm

HOPG ZYB Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 0.8 ± 0.2 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1mm.

  €140
Аdd to cart
ZYB_MQ1, 10x10x1mm ZYB_MQ1, 10x10x1mm

HOPG ZYB Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 0.8 ± 0.2 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1mm.

  €140
Аdd to cart
ZYH_MQ2, 10x10x2mm ZYH_MQ2, 10x10x2mm

HOPG ZYH Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 3.5 ± 1.0 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 2mm.

  €132
Аdd to cart
ZYH_MQ2, 10x10x2mm ZYH_MQ2, 10x10x2mm

HOPG ZYH Quality for monochromators, Mosaic Spread: 3.5 ± 1.0 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 2mm.

  €132
Аdd to cart
ZYB_DS, 10x10x1.5mm ZYB_DS, 10x10x1.5mm

HOPG ZYB Quality, Mosaic Spread: 1.0 ± 0.4 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.5mm.

  €127
Аdd to cart
ZYB_DS, 10x10x1.5mm ZYB_DS, 10x10x1.5mm

HOPG ZYB Quality, Mosaic Spread: 1.0 ± 0.4 degrees, double-sided, piece size – 10x10mm, thickness 1.5mm.

  €127
Аdd to cart

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